Tip: PHP also supports regular expressions using a Perl-compatible syntax using the PCRE functions. Those functions support non-greedy matching, assertions, conditional subpatterns, and a number of other features not supported by the POSIX-extended regular expression syntax.
These regular expression functions are not binary-safe. The PCRE functions are.
Regular expressions are used for complex string manipulation. PHP uses the POSIX extended regular expressions as defined by POSIX 1003.2. For a full description of POSIX regular expressions see the regex man pages included in the regex directory in the PHP distribution. It's in manpage format, so you'll want to do something along the lines of man /usr/local/src/regex/regex.7 in order to read it.
No external libraries are needed to build this extension.
Do not change the TYPE unless you know what you are doing.
To enable regexp support configure PHP --with-regex[=TYPE]. TYPE can be one of system, apache, php. The default is to use php.
The windows version of PHP has built in support for this extension. You do not need to load any additional extension in order to use these functions.
This extension has no configuration directives defined in php.ini.
This extension has no resource types defined.
This extension has no constants defined.
Example 1. Regular Expression Examples